Treasury & FX in Thailand

Report date: 
27 Sep 2022


Thailand is a large and relatively prosperous country, with an area close to that of France and a population of nearly 70 million. It has a long tradition of fierce independence – it is the only country in the region which was never colonised. Today, the country participates actively in the global and regional economy – it is a member of ASEAN, but it retains a distinctive approach.


The result is a country which is modern and business friendly, but which continues to present some challenges. Generally, our participants find that it works: they are able to do cross-border funding into, and out of, Thailand, and include it in various cash pools. But there are remnants of FX controls – recently relaxed – and it can be challenging to know exactly what the rules are. 


Main highlights:

  • It is easy to convert Thai bhat (THB) into foreign currency, usually the USD. Traditionally, there have been documentation requirements, but many participants find these are being relaxed.
  • During the Asian crisis of 1997 to 1998, Thailand forbade the remittance of THB out of the country. This is now allowed, but apparently for the settlement of THB denominated invoices: the consensus was that it.......continues
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This report was produced by Monie Lindsey based on a Treasury Peer Call chaired by Damian Glendinning

Topics covered in this report: 
Cash Pooling - domestic, Cash Pooling - cross border, Funding, Intercompany loans, intercompany netting, Investments
Service providers discussed in this report: 
HSBC, JP Morgan, BAML, Deutsche Bank, Kyriba

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